Your Guide to The Court System in Forsyth County
Hiring a law firm like The Waltman Firm that understands the court system in Forsyth County could help if you have a lawsuit on your hands. Call us now.
The Forsyth County Court System in Georgia
Located in the Northeast corner of Georgia, Forsyth County is a suburban and exurban county within the Atlanta Metropolitan Area. Forsyth County is part of the Superior Court Ninth District’s Bell-Forsyth Judicial Circuit. Bell-Forsyth Circuit serves more than 227,000 residents across 247 square miles. Forsyth County residents have access to the following courts:
- Superior Court
- Probate Court
- Juvenile Court
- Magistrate Court
- Municipal Court
- State Court
Courts can seem intimidating and confusing to newcomers and first-timers. At The Waltman Firm, the courts are our backyard, and we spend much time in court. You may need to attend court for any number of reasons.
Here is a brief overview of the court system in Forsyth. Let’s examine each court one by one.
The Superior Court
The Superior Court is a broad-jurisdiction trial court with exclusive authority over criminal trials. They also have exclusive jurisdiction over divorce, equity, and property title matters. Additionally, the Superior Court hears appeals from subordinate courts.
The courthouse address is 101 East Courthouse Square, Cumming, GA 30040. The primary contact number is 770.781.2120.
The State Court is a trial court of limited jurisdiction. The court has jurisdiction over all criminal offenses, including traffic violations. The State Court may also convene hearings for and issue search and arrest warrants and preliminary hearings.
In addition, the court may hear civil cases, regardless of the amount claimed, unless the Superior Court has exclusive jurisdiction.
The courthouse address is 101 East Courthouse Square, Cumming, GA 30040.
The primary contact number is 770.781.2120.
The Juvenile Court handles cases of children in need who are accused of being delinquents, abused, or neglected. Furthermore, the Court is responsible for children without a parent or guardian and unruly juveniles and truants, runaways, or minor traffic infractions.
Juvenile courts also handle cases regarding consent to marriage, service in the military, and emancipation.
The juvenile court has concurrent jurisdiction over probate courts in matters of permanent guardianship and legitimation concerning minors.
Juvenile Court is located at 875 Lanier 400 Parkway, Cumming, GA 30040. The telephone number is 770.781.3099.
The Magistrate Court
A magistrate court can issue warrants to hear minor criminal offenses and civil claims up to $15,000 in value.
Magistrates hold preliminary hearings in criminal matters; they issue search warrants and arrest warrants to law enforcement. A magistrate may grant bail when setting bail is not entirely in the jurisdiction of another court.
The magistrate court is the court of first resort in many civil cases, including ordinance violations, possessions, landlord-tenant issues, and bad checks.
The Forsyth County Magistrate Court is located at 1090 Tribble Gap Rd., Cumming. The phone number is 770.781.2211.
The Probate Court has exclusive, original jurisdiction over the following:
- Estate management
- Appointing guardians for minors and incompetent individuals
- Appointing conservators for minors and incapable persons
The Court also handles marriage licenses, gun applications, birth and death certificates, and passport applications.
Forsyth County Probate Court appeals are no longer heard in Superior Court. All appeals are heard before the Georgia Supreme Court or the Georgia Court of Appeals.
The Forsyth County Probate Court is at 100 West Courthouse Square, Suite 008, Cumming, GA. The phone number is 770.781.2140.
Municipal Court in Forsyth
The Cumming Municipal Court deals with traffic violations that occur within the city’s boundaries, violations of municipal ordinances, and certain misdemeanor offenses. The Court also hears misdemeanor cases of shoplifting, criminal trespass, and marijuana possession.
It can be found at 301 Veterans Memorial Blvd, Cumming, GA 30040, and can be contacted at 770.781.2002.
The Court Administration supports the Superior, State, and Juvenile Courts of the Bell-Forsyth Judicial Circuit by providing administrative support services.
Court Administration functions in an administrative capacity rather than a judicial capacity. It is responsible for the following:
- Planning and research
- Personnel management
- Budget and financial management
- Fiscal control and analysis
- Liaison with other branches and agencies of government
- Other administrative functions
Can You Appeal a Decision Made by a Lower Court in Forsyth County?
In Forsyth County, individuals have the right to appeal decisions made by lower courts. The appeal process is designed to ensure that every case is adjudicated fairly and justly.
If a party believes a legal error occurred, they can seek a review of the decision by a higher court. To initiate an appeal, it is essential to visit the Forsyth County Clerk’s office or website to find the necessary forms and information on filing procedures.
Once the appeal is filed, the higher court will review the case record, consider legal arguments, and determine whether to uphold or reverse the lower court’s decision.
What Types of Cases Are Handled by the Superior Court in Forsyth County?
The Superior Court in Forsyth County handles a wide range of cases, including both civil and criminal matters. This court has general jurisdiction, meaning it can hear almost any type of case, including felonies, civil disputes involving large sums of money, divorce, and family law matters, probate issues, and more.
For specific case types and information on court procedures, individuals can click on the appropriate sections on the Forsyth County Clerk’s website.
The Superior Court plays a crucial role in the Forsyth County court system, ensuring that justice is served for all parties involved in a case.
The Clerk of The Court
Every court has a clerk who receives, maintains, and processes all court documents. Additionally, court clerks collect and disburse all court fees, penalties, and expenses, making court records available to the public.
Some of the other responsibilities include, but are not limited to:
- Protecting and permanently preserving citizens’ liens and property deeds
- Managing county trials and grand juries. This includes summoning jurors for jury service.
- Providing administrative support and oversight to the county board of tax equalization;
- Appointing notaries public
- Registering trade names
- Issuing subpoenas for court appearances
It is important to note that their responsibilities vary depending on the court’s jurisdiction. The Waltman Firm has significant experience in all of these courts. If you need assistance with a criminal case, including a DUI court case, we are here for you.
The Waltman Firm in Forsyth
The Waltman Firm understands the court system in Forsyth County. We can assist you if you have been charged in a criminal case or have a personal injury claim.
Since we are locally based, we have built good, mutually respectful relationships with the courts and the people working there.